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About gender statistics

Gender statistics is the statistics that accurately reflects the real situation of women and men in all policy areas, to identify gender differences and their systematic study. Gender statistics applies to all the statistical topics, where data are collected about a person, and include: (1) sex-disaggregated data, (2) statistics reflecting gender issues (gender indicators), and (3) the introduction of gender approaches in all statistical areas. The starting point for understanding gender statistics is the difference between the two concepts - sex and gender. Sometimes these categories (sex - male, female; and gender - masculine, feminine) are used as interchangeable notions. Meanwhile, it is not so: Sex is term to denote relatively stable biological differences between women and men. Sex as a whole is predestinated, universal and does not change with time.Gender is term to denote changeable socio-cultural differences between women and men, roles, behaviors, assigned features and other characteristics that are not «natural», and is dictated by the public ideas on norms and traditions. Ideas of women and men about what is peculiar to women and men can change (and change) over time in different cultures. Gender equality - equality occurs when men and women are equally important in social terms, have equal rights and liability and have equal chances and equal access to resources and opportunities.

What is the purpose of gender statistics?

Gender statistics serves many purposes, but primarily, it is necessary for detection of hidden problems regarding the conditions and different situations of women and men. In this regard, gender statistics is necessary for successful planning, improved targeting, effective monitoring, and evaluation of the impact of development programs. Thus, gender statistics is a tool for promoting fairness and equity, as well as improving the quality of life of all population groups. Thus, gender statistics contributes to achieving sustainable and comprehensive economic growth and development.

International obligations on gender statistics

Durable international mandate of gender statistics was formulated by the United Nations Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Beijing Platform for Action and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The CEDAW is the only international agreement in which the rights and interests of women are considered comprehensively and, as such, it is one of the most important mechanisms of accountability. States that have ratified or acceded to the CEDAW have a legal obligation to implement all the provisions of the Convention and report on progress the CEDAW Committee every four years. An important basis for this reporting is gender statistics, and the CEDAW Committee often makes comments on the need for such data to substantiate statements made.
The importance of gender statistics is emphasized in the international document - the Beijing Platform for Action adopted at the UN Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995. It calls upon organizations of regional, national and international level to regularly collect, analyze and present data disaggregated by sex (as well as age and other factors) to appropriately reflect the situation of women and men in all critical areas and spheres in the formulation of strategies and programs.
The development goals agreed at the national and international levels, such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), contributed to increasing the demand for gender statistics. In total, 189 countries committed themselves to cooperate in order to overcome inequality in a number of spheres, including education, wages and participation in decision-making. The UN Millennium Declaration indicates the quantitative indicators that should be used to assess progress towards achieving the eight MDGs. Goals require that the data are provided by sex and contained other characteristics (for example, a comparison of urban and rural areas) so, go beyond national calculations for a better understanding of the positions of different groups in society.
The world has made consensus that gender statistics is a prerequisite for the empowerment of women and achievement of gender equality, which in both cases is of great importance for poverty eradication, comprehensive economic growth and sustainable development. Thus, currently the sphere of gender statistics plays a role not only in the activities aimed at achieving gender equality, but also in development-related activities, including such areas as poverty reduction, environmental protection, budgeting and financing, which until recently were considered unrelated to gender aspects.

Situation of gender statistics in Uzbekistan

In Uzbekistan for years of independence a great work on realization of measures on gender equality is carried out. Institutional development achieved significant progress with the establishment of the Women's Committee in 1991, headed by a Deputy Prime Minister responsible for the issues of social protection of family, motherhood and childhood. The Women's Committee has a developed network represented in all the regions and at all levels. 14 deputy hokims of the regional level, 219 deputy heads of administration at the municipal and district levels are among the chairpersons of the committees.
The Women's Committee, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the National Centre for Human Rights work closely with the State Committee on Statistics in reporting on international obligations imposed by the Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the Millennium Development Goals.
Programs and activities for the improving situation of women and strengthening their economic rights are executed at the national level. Intensification of the activities of state authorities, public and scientific organizations of the republic in solving gender issues, promote the growth of domestic demand for statistical data characterizing the issues of gender equality, also expanding the circle of users of this information.
The first steps for the promotion of gender statistics in Uzbekistan were made in the late 1990s. Since that time brochures with gender indicators have been regularly published in the republic. Every publication becomes a step forward, a milestone in the development and dissemination of gender statistics. For example, the brochure «Women and Men in Uzbekistan» (with the support of UNDP and ADB) released by the Ministry of Macroeconomics and the Women's Committee in 2002 became the first publication, which gathered together the indicators of 9 strategic directions, including for the first time the data in the field of management, politics and entrepreneurship. Since then, with the help of international organizations, a number of publications of this nature was published in 2002, 2007, 2010 and 2012. All of them provide key gender indicators available in the administrative sources and the results of the surveys.
Data collection on gender statistics in Uzbekistan is carried out from a number of sources. In addition to the administrative reports with data breaking by sex, population censuses and statistical surveys, there are a lot of MICS, DHS, LSS, and household surveys data.
This site represents a first attempt to create an electronic database of gender statistics with the aim of further improving the information on gender, regular and timely releasing data with breaking by sex. Recommendations of the international organizations towards the systematization, introduction and development of new indicators to enable a comparative analysis of the situation of women and men in society are taken into account. This work is carried out as part of the development of all sectors of national statistics, oriented at adequate reflection of the new aspects of socio-economic development of the country, caused by the deepening of the reform and democratization of the society.